Thermal Therapy

These thermal therapies can be used in clinic or at home a part of our pain management programs.

Benefits of heat therapy

Using heat pads soothes and relaxes the muscle, increases local blood supply, increases metabolism and reduces healing time. With Consistent and long duration of use overnight – we have found that it speeds up the treatment of pain and stiffness for those who are stiff first thing in the morning.

  • Examination of blood vessels and increases in blood flow and metabolism.
  • Vasodilation = increases in blood flow and results increase in oxygen nutrients and white blood cells to the area.
  • Increase in blood flow which speeds up cellular metabolism and enhances the removal of metabolic waste.
  • Increased removal of inflammatory exudate.
  • Relaxation of abnormal muscle contraction and relief of spasm.
  • Decreased joint stiffness from decreased viscosity of synovial fluid.
  • Sedative and analgesic effects

When to use heat

  • Stubborn, non-settling pain – using heat for a long duration will saturate blood flow to the area in desperate need – creating a relaxation within the fascial and muscle.
  • Breaks the pain cycle your muscle or fascia is going through, increase blood flow to refuel contractured muscle
  • After myotherapy treatments- will help speed up the tissue healing and repairing phase.

Benefits of Cold/Cryotherapy for Tissue Healing.

Ice therapy reduces temperatures in localised areas, relieve pain, reduce or stop tissue bleeding.

  • Vasoconstriction- restricting or holding blood still will reduce bruising and swelling following trauma.
  • Reduces the amount of oxygen required by the tissues. this is to prevent hypoxic injury.
  • Reduce muscle contractility
  • Produce delayed vasodilation and the pain relief effects are;
  • Release of endorphins from the pituitary gland in response to the thermoregulatory mechanism.
  • Central pain receptors are flooded with cold impulses, rather than pain impulses

When to use cold:

  • When you have pain
  • Experiencing abnormal muscle contracture like cramps
  • Chronic inflammation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Post events- after vigorous exercise brief application of cold immersion can prevent injuries or strains from becoming chronic.
  • Acute inflammation from strains & sprains.

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